How Does Self Balancing Scooter Works?

How Does Self Balancing Scooter Works?

Self balancing scooter is fun to ride. Many wonder how it works and what the mechanism behind it is. This write up will give you an in depth explanation.

Self-balancing scooters are also known as hoverboards or balance boards. These were one of the most sought after gift option this year for both adults and kids. It feels very similar to skateboard, but in case of hoverboards, you don’t have to push it with legs to move because it runs on batteries. Without much ado, let’s get straight to how it works. First, let’s take a look at the structure of the hoverboard. Inside, there are several other important components that help the scooter to run efficiently. Basically, the vehicle has the following main components:  

  • A control board
  • Solid frame with a central pivot
  • Plastic shield
  • Two gyroscopes/ sensor board 
  • Charger port
  • A battery pack
  • Two electric motors present inside the wheels
  • Two tilt sensors present inside the wheels
  • Two IR sensors
  • Non-slip pedals/ Pressure pads  
  • Power button
  • LED lights

How Does a Hoverboard Work?

Self balancing scooter or swag board has frames that spin in the center. Inside each wheel there are sensors and electric motors for detecting tilt angle and speed. The gyroscopes get the data from the inclinometer or tilt sensors present in the wheels and pass it on to the logic board, keeping the board straight throughout. There are buttons under both the foot pad that activate an infrared LED light, which also activates a sensor. The light continues to glow when the rider keeps their feet on the foot pad in the flat position, allowing the logic board to sense to stop the motor. Once the biker leans forward, the LED light is turned off and the sensor allow the logic board to give signals to spin the wheels, Since the motors are not connected to one another, the rider can take circles in one place.        

The batteries

The batteries are the most important component of self balancing scooter. The logic sensor board is on the opposite side of the lithium ion batteries. This is designed this way to reduce heat. The batteries can be charged up in an hour and half or two. When fully charged, you can run the hoverboard for 6 to 7 hours, based on your body weight. As the speed and motion are all controlled by the vehicle itself, the only task you are required to do is to decide where you are willing to go and at what speed!  

There have been cases of boards catching fires while people are riding on them. This happens mostly due to poor lithium-ion battery insulation and position, resulting in spontaneous combustion or the reason could also be defective charger. Some teardowns have exposed the insides of poor quality hoverboards to find a muddle of wires and faulty positioning of the batteries that oppose them to operate that safe temperature.   

How to operate?

Learning to operate self balancing scooter won’t take much time. Those who know how to skate will find it easier. Even this is not tough for non-skaters, bet it kids or adults.  

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